If I understand correctly this is the asked task.
I might not be able to answer it in one go.
I would need more information like
-Do you want to learn only about the problematic characters?
-All the characters?
-Only the Capital letters or the small ones too?
-Also do you want me to prepare a table with phonetic equivalents known as Greeklish?
Or error-free equivalents for the problematic characters only in the case of not paying attention to keyboard language?
Because phonetically things will go really different.
-Also do you want me to cover all those cases?
-Is this something that can change in the future to cover minor mistakes?
Anyway I do believe I covered most cases below. Feel free to fill me up with more information on what I should cover.
Since there are some letters with no equivalents in English or Greek alphabet, some attention is required.
Α = a
Β = b (it sounds like the english “v” but the english “v” in greek sounds like N, n) (Google used Both English B,b and V,v for greek B)
Γ = g
Δ = d
Ε = e (Google uses english e, i , y)
Ζ = z
Η = h (Η in greek sounds like greek Ι and greek Υ.) (Google uses english e, i , y)
Θ = th (the same key strikes for “u” but Θ sounds like th (Check more info below perhaps)
Ι = i (Google uses english e, i , y)
Κ = k
Λ = l
Μ = m
Ν = n The small letter of “Ν” is “ν” and the same key strikes for “n” in english"
Ξ = the same key strikes for “j” but sounds like “ks” or even english x (Check below) Google uses ks for correcting suggestions
Ο = o
Π = p
Ρ = r
Σ = s
Τ = t
Υ = y (The small letter of “Υ” is “υ” that the same key strikes for “u” )
Φ = f
Χ = x (sounds like ch)
Ψ = “c” is the same key in latin, but “ps” is the only equivalent. ( but it sounds like ps) MORE INFO: Google handles suggestions of Ps like Ψ rather than c
Ω = o sounds like greek o english o ,but if someone uses latin to type greek words and wants to seemingly spell it correctly uses w
More information might be helpful.
The greeks have developed a system to use latin characters to communicate with greek words when they faced an OS that they couldn’t add the greek language, but this can’t be used officialy but only in text sms messages.
The following means : Goodmorning, how do you do?
There are 3 different ways from top to bottom in usage.
Greeklish 1: kalimera, pos iste? (phonetic)
Greeklish 2: kalhmera, pws eiste; (reconciling with spelling rules)
“byzantine” variant: kalhmepa, nws eicte;
Typing as if the keyboard layout were set to Greek, when it is actually set to US English: Kalhm;era, p;vw e;isteq
But this is completely and utterly unacceptable in formal writing, and is considered the worst of all practices.
Problematic letters that OPENED this discussion
Α Β Ε Ζ Η Ι Κ Μ Ν Ο Ρ Τ Υ Χ ν ο
English Capital | English small = Greek Capital | Greek small | Greek small with tone | Greek small with dialitika ¨ |With dialitika and tone.(solvents?) like this ΅
Aa = Αα ά
Bb = Ββ
Cc = Ψψ
Dd = Δδ
Ee = Εε έ
Ff = Φφ
Gg = Γγ
Hh =Ηη ή
Ii = Ιι ί ϊ ΐ
Jj = Ξξ
Kk = Κκ
Ll = Λλ
Mm = Μμ
Nn = Νν
Oo = Οο ό
Pp = Ππ
Qq = :;
Rr = Ρρ
Ss = Σσ
Tt = Ττ
Uu = Θθ
Vv = Ωω ώ
Xx = Χχ
Ww = ΅ς
Yy = Υυ ύ ϋ ΰ
Zz = Ζζ